Using Azure Maps with a Xamarin Forms app Part 3 – Route Directions

This is the third in a three part series where I build a Xamarin Forms app that uses the Azure Maps service. You can check out the other parts here:

Part 1 – Basic text search
Part 2 – Search by Category
Part 3 – This post.  Routing

In this post I’ll show you how I was able to query the Azure Maps Route Directions Endpoint and render the route on a map.  The route directions API endpoint takes a number of parameters, of which I only use a few.  Mainly, the source location lat and long, and the destination location lat and long.  The URI I construct ends up looking like this

For this demo, I let the user choose from a few hard coded source and destination locations.  For each preconfigured source and destination, I looked up the latitude and longitude, and stored them with the option.  When the user selects from one of the source and destination pairs, I pass the associated latitude/longitude coordinates to the API.  This is just a demo, so a real solution could be more dynamic by allowing the user to query for directions based on points of interest also returned by the API.  For this post, I’m returning the route for Stanford University to Pizzeria Delfina in Palo Alto, California.  (Palo Alto is the default simulated location for the Android Emulator).  Here’s a screenshot of the view where a user selects from one of the locations.  Its just a few buttons.

Here’s the resulting route drawn as an overlay on the phone’s native map. I was able to draw the polyline overlay using this technique for Xamarin Forms Maps.

Here’s what the code looks like for when the user clicks a button and the view loads to query the API based on the hard coded choice selection and render the map. (pay no attention to the async void lol)

To start I’m using a switch statement based on the user’s selection and passing the hard coded lat long to the API. Notice I’m instantiating the map AFTER I get the results back from the query. This was because of the way the overlay is drawn on to the map for Xamarin Forms. It involves creating a custom renderer which listens to when the map is instantiated. At first, the overlay wasn’t drawing on the map because I was instantiating the map before making the API call, and the listener on the custom renderer was running and rendering the map before the results of the route query were returned. This is one of the rare cases where I personally declare UI in code, to control the declaration timing at run time. After I instantiate the map I place a pin on the starting point no matter which route is chosen. Then I place a pin on the selected destination.

So there you have it. I’ve always been a sucker for POI, mapping etc so I’m excited to be able to explore the mapping API more.

Using Azure Maps with a Xamarin Forms app Part 2 – Search by Category

This is the second in a three part series where I build a Xamarin Forms app that uses the Azure Maps service. You can check out the other parts here:

Part 1 – Basic text search

Part 2 – This post.  Search by category
Part 3 – Routing

In this post, I’ll cover searching by category using the Get Search by Category API endpoint which allows you to search points of interest (POI) by a list of categories.   Calling the search by category service is actually pretty easy.  The endpoint URL is much like the text search endpoint, except for a couple different parts.  Here are the text search and category search URIs compared:

Text search (fuzzy)

Category search

I’m passing the required additional parameters and optional lat long for category search, so ultimately my URI call looks like this:

You need to pass your api key, a strongly recommended country set limiting parameter, the api version, return format (json), and a lat long.

In my Xamarin app, I built a simple page with a button upon which clicked, takes you to a page with a listview of categories.  When you click a category, I pass the selected category back to the previous page, perform the search and render the results as map pins on the map.

To make it more visually appealing, I’m using a mix of Font Awesome and Material Design icons in the category select page.  I was able to get the icons to render using the Iconize Plugin for Xamarin Forms   nuget packages.  It was a little tricky getting the packages to work as .NET Standard 2.0 is not supported on the latest stable versions, so I had to install the pre-release versions.  Ultimately I’m using the base Xam.Plugin.Iconize package two additional separate packages that each load a set of fonts, Xam.Plugin.Iconize.FontAwesme and Xam.Plugin.Iconize.Material

Here’s what my select category page looks like complete with icons:

Here are the results after you select a category.

Now to dig into the code details a little.  To make the category select page, I bind a listview to a category viewmodel

I create a list of this viewmodel and bind it to the list declared in my Xaml. The listview contains an item template that renders the icon as well as the display text of each category

Here’s the code to populate my list of viewmodel. You can see its a mix of Material Design and Font Awesome icons. The ‘fa-‘ and ‘md-‘ text triggers the ‘Iconize’ element to render from the icon set of Font Awesome and Material Design accordingly, based on whatever icons are included in the project by installing the nuget packages for that icon set.

When a category is chosen, I pass the selected category back to the referring page, make the API call and deserialize the Json into a model I created by pasting the Json into QuickType IO

Here’s what the code behind on that page looks like

You can see I’m attempting to grab the user’s location and pass it to the API along with the category selected.  That’s about it.  The Azure Maps service is proving to be pretty awesome.  I’ve been waiting for something like this for years.  It makes it easy to add location intelligence to your apps!  Happy coding.

Installing the Minifier and Image Optimizer Site Extensions on an Azure Web App

Azure Website Extensions are tools and app add-ons that you can add as an extension to your Azure web app.  There’s a lot of nifty ones out there, definitely worth exploring.  There’s a gallery of available extensions over at  In this article I’ll show you how to install two extensions that should help the overall performance of your Azure web app.  They are the Azure Image Optimizer and Azure Minifier extensions written by Sayed Ibrahim Hashimi and Mads Kristensen.   I’ve met Mads a couple of times at Build, he’s an awesome guy.  He’s built a ton of cool things for Visual Studio, ASP.NET and so forth.  Head on over to his site and check out everything he’s got going on there.

To start, navigate to your web app in the Azure portal then click the Advanced Tools menu item, then select ‘Go’ in the main panel.  This launches the Kudu site associated with your web app.


If you’ve never seen this before, you’re in for a treat.  Although its main function is defined as “the engine behind git deployments in Azure App Service” it also can display information about your site environment, the processes running, and give you access to a Powershell and command prompt.  This is also the place to install and use site extensions.  Click the ‘Site Extensions’ top menu item and search for the two aforementioned extensions.  In the screenshot below, I already have it installed so it displays a play button icon that launches the extension.  Otherwise you see the plus icon to add it.   Go ahead and add the extensions.  From what I’ve seen you have to restart your web app after installation, as you might receive a ‘no route defined’ error when launching them for the first time.


After they’re installed you can launch them and view the results for each extension.  Here you can see the minifier minifying my css and javascript files as well as shrinking the site images.



Scheduling Hangfire Jobs With Varying Schedules Using Cron Expressions

Scheduling your own background jobs in .NET can be a pain. If you’re feeling brave or rather ambitious, you could write your own scheduler using out of the box .NET framework components, or you could use a library like Hangfire.  Hangfire enables you to schedule jobs, and manages the execution and retry logic.   Scheduled jobs survive a process restart which is a nice bonus.

Recently I was developing an application with a requirement for recurring jobs. Users of the application were to be able to schedule jobs daily, weekly, monthly, as well as every three and four months.   I used Hangfire’s recurring job scheduler method for this.  This particular method uses CRON Expressions to specify the job schedule, and allows the most flexibility.   Cron is a little weird getting used to, but I found a great website with some simple guidance and an expression interpreter so you can test out your expressions.  Head on over to and you’ll find an online cron expression checker that parses your cron expression and tells you based on that expression, when your scheduled jobs will run next.  Its a beautiful thing.

There are five parts of a cron expression, and they’re explained pretty well on this site.  Here’s an excerpt:

“Reminder of the crontab format…
mm – the minute, a value between 0 and 59
hh – the hour, a value between 0 and 23
D – day of the month, between 1 and 31
M – month, a value between 1 and 12
DoW – day-of-the-week, 0-6 (0 = Sunday)

Each of the five items can be expressions…
A ‘*’ means use all values.
Multiples: e.g. every 20 mins would be ‘0,20,40’.
Range: e.g. hourly in the evening ’19-23′.
Every nth ‘0-23/n’, ‘*/2’ would be every other.
‘*/1’ is valid crontab syntax, but is flagged here as a possibly unintended entry.” 

Building off this format, you can schedule jobs to occur at varying intervals such as the following.  (I’ve got them all starting at 8AM but you can specify your own start time)

Weekly:                                00 08 * * 1

Every month:                     00 08 01 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12 *

Every three months:      00 08 01 1-12/3 *

Every year:                          “00 08 01 1-12/12 *

Happy scheduling!